Aristotle’s writings cover different subjects: poetry, metaphysics, physics, logic, music, theater, linguistics, rhetoric, ethics, zoology, biology, politics and government. Aristotle had a great influence on Western philosophy. His ideas shaped the entire medieval scholarship. Aristotle’s formal logic was incorporated into modern formal logic developed in the late nineteenth century.
The ideal man bears the accidents of life with dignity and grace, making the best of circumstances.
The aim of art is to represent not the outward appearance of things, but their inward significance.
Laws should be constructed so as to leave as little as possible to the decision of those who judge.
Both oligarch and tyrant mistrust the people, and therefore deprive them of their arms.
Those who excel in virtue have the best right of all to rebel, but then they are of all men the least inclined to do so.
Virtue is a disposition, or habit, involving deliberate purpose or choice.
We make war that we may live in peace.
Quality is not an act, it is a habit.
It is easy to perform a good action, but not easy to acquire a settled habit of performing such actions.
Tyranny derives from the oligarchy’s “mistrust of the people; hence they deprive them of arms, ill-treat the lower class, and keep them from residing in the capital. These are common to oligarchy and tyranny.
Virtue, as well as evil, lies in our power.
It is also in the interests of a tyrant to keep his people poor, so that they may not be able to afford the cost of protecting themselves by arms and be so occupied with their daily tasks that they have no time for rebellion.
We become just by performing just action, temperate by performing temperate actions, brave by performing brave action.